Communist Party

   The Communist Party of Great Britain was formed in 1920 in response to an appeal by Lenin. It was influential in the labour movement until the onset of the Cold War, which prompted longterm decline. The party was hampered by its association with the Soviet Communist Party, which provided a substantial secret subsidy between 1958 and 1979. The party leadership moved towards a more reformist, Eurocommunist position in the 1970s causing a split with a hardline faction centred around the Morning Star newspaper. In 1991, following the collapse of the Soviet Union, the Communist Party voted to become the Democratic Left. In the 1990s they gained publicity with instances of direct action to support striking workers and protest against local government cuts.
   COLIN WILLIAMS

Encyclopedia of contemporary British culture . . 2014.

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